The natural gas shortage in the Middle East is an ongoing issue with respect to power and infrastructure needs despite combined gas reserves within the GCC accounting for 1,500 Tcf.
The UAE is developing new resources in order to produce enough gas to meet demand and is turning its attention to more sour gas field development in the North West Area in addition to the expansion of the production capacity of the Shah Process Plant. Recent announcements that Bechtel has been awarded the FEED for the Hail and Ghasha Gas Field and TechnipFMC the FEED for Dalma Islands project are in keeping with ADNOC’s Integrated Gas Master Plan for expansion of its sour field facilities having designated the PMC and artificial islands design and survey contracts to KBR and Artelia. This overall project will be one of the largest of its type awarded globally to date.
Also within ADNOC Gas Processing this year will see Habshan 5’s capacity increased by 20%. Moreover ADNOC plan to enhance their CCUS programme by a factor of 6 in not only improving EOR returns but freeing up gas injection for other purposes. In addition ADNOC are seeking NOC/IOC partnerships to enhance these plans with such companies as CNPC, Wintershall and others
Active plans are also ongoing elsewhere in the region with Oman, who are about to process gas from the Khazzan Field having awarded a Phase 2 $ 800 million contract to Petrofac and SNC Lavalin are supporting the process of bringing on-stream the necessary gas from both the Rabab Haheel and Kibal Khuff projects. In Kuwait, KOC has awarded a $1.3 billion contract to Petrofac for a sour gas gathering system for the Burgan Field in addition to selecting Prosernat for its early production facilities at its Jurassic complex gas field. In addition KNPC have announced that the first phase of its liquid sulphur project at Mina Al Ahmadi refinery has been completed. Saudi Arabia is moving towards producing 70% of its power requirements from natural gas with activities ongoing with the Tanajib Project and is focusing on enhancing sour gas conditioning as part of a $4 billion scheme to boost gas production for domestic consumption. Bids have recently been received for expansion of the Hawiyah Plant. 2019 will see the Fadhili Plant producing gas from the Kursaniyah and Hasbah Fields and the 75million scf/d gas processing plant at Midyan is nearing completion. In Bahrain a $4.2 billion contract has been awarded to improve the capacity at its Sitra refinery by some 35 % over the next four years and it will involve a significant enhancement and addition of sulphur treating facilities The recent upheavals in Qatar will impact their plans for their Barzan field enhancement. TOTAL have recently signed a $2 billion contract with NIOC to develop phase 11 of the South Pars Field and produce gas from 2021, with the region’s largest offshore compression facility being a later part of the project. Also gas processing facilities of the Hengam oil and gas field on Qeshm Island are planned to come on stream in the near future.
In Central Asia the start up of the sulphur recovery section of the Kashagan processing plant is imminent and sour gas injection plans for Tengiz to enhance oil production by 42%, is expected to take place by 2022. Additionally sour gas reinjection will be the predominant factor at the Karachaganak project also by 2022. Moreover the Galkynysh plant in Turkmenistan is expected to produce 3 billion scf/d when at full capacity. Interesting plans are building up with PETRONAS utilizing specific technology from Twister B.V. for processing acid gas fields with large amounts of CO2.
China is also developing sour gas processing plant with the latest being in Chuandongbei and processing from several sour fields with the final phase of the project expected by 2019.
In Canada, Keyera Corporation is to build a $625 million sour gas processing plant near Grande Prairie as well as SemCAMS building a significant processing plant, also in Alberta.
The technologies involved in sour field development and production are continuously progressing and the latest developments across the whole sour hydrocarbon management spectrum will be included in the well respected SOGAT Conference Programme. The 2018 programme will focus on practical presentations demonstrating new developments and case study experiences, thus providing delegates with invaluable knowledge and data to employ in their own environments.
In keeping with previous years, In Depth and Practical Workshops on topical issues that contribute to enhancing efficient operations will be presented in the first three days of SOGAT 2018 and will cover: Practical Amine Treating, Sulphur Recovery Practice and Design and the key aspects 0f Sour Oil & Gas Process Optimisation plus other technical issues of current comcern. Thus given the expansion of the workshop programmes timetables to benefit attendees by going into more depth in these critical technical issues, it allows the conference programme to be more focused over a 2 day period which in turn brings time and cost benefits to companies registering delegates. Consequently to reflect these new arrangements, SOGAT 2018 will operate under the theme “ Enhancing Cost Effective Sour Hydrocarbon Treatment“.
Given the support of ADNOC with an expected large delegation participating, the SOGAT Exhibition will see leading vendors and suppliers participating and thus SOGAT 2018 will continue its well known trend and reputation, as the international event that provides a one stop review of all the latest developments in global sour hydrocarbon management.