With CAPEX globally expected to reach around $1.13 trillion by 2025 the future looks bright for Natural Gas Projects. Gas consumption in this region has grown by nearly 5 % but production cannot keep pace with demand, particularly here in the UAE. Consequently the recent announcements from ADNOC in partnering with ENI , Wintershall and OMV in the Ghasha ultra sour gas concession and TOTAL in the Ruwais Diyab concession and further intentions to develop Bab and Bu Hasa within the $20 billion sour gas feld development not only indicate the importance of sour hydrocarbon and uncon- ventional feld development but also add to the strategy to make the UAE gas self-suffcient and ultimately a net gas exporter by 2025. This growth will also include the develop- ment of the second phase of ADNOC LNG ‘s IGD project to add 245 million cfd of associated gas in addition to ADNOC awarding Occidental Onshore Block 3 for exploration and subsequent processing and the future gas feld plans for SNOC and RAK GAS.

Within Saudi Arabia plans continue towards producing 70% of its power requirements from natural gas and Saudi Aramco are focusing on enhancing sour gas conditioning as part of a $4 billion scheme to boost gas production for domestic consumption with the expansion of the Hawiyah Plant processing capacity expanded to 1.2bn scfd. Shortly the industry will also see the Fadhili Plant producing gas from the Kursaniyah and Hasbah Fields, and the 75million scf/d gas processing plant at Midyan in full operation. Additionally there are signifcant plans for the development and processing of expected big volumes of shale gas in the Jafurah Basin.

These activities are all part of the KSA Master Gas Plan in which capacity will eventually increase to 23 billion scf. More- over an expected investment of $ 150 billion over the next decade in gas development will result in Saudi Aramco similarly being a gas exporter.

Active plans are also ongoing in Oman who are involved in processing gas from the Khazzan Field with 950 mcf/d of produced gas and SNC Lavalin continue to support the process of bringing on-stream the necessary gas from both the Rabab Haheel and Kibal Khuff projects, the former being one of the largest projects in Oman energy development history. Earlier this year PDO announced a signifcant gas fnd with estimated recoverable reserves of more than 4 trillion cubic feet (tcf) and 112 million barrels of condensate at two reservoirs named Barik and Miqrat which will add to their gas needs. Another important announcement was the opening of their Gas Network Operations Centre in Saih Rawl which monitors and co-ordinates gas production in real time.

The political situationl in Qatar will impact their plans for their Barzan enhancement. However once the second phase of the project is operational it will mean a 3.5million t/a production of sulphur. Again politics play a part in Iran’s sour feld activities and the industry awaits their resolution. So felds in the Middle East with high H2S and CO2 account for 60 % of the world’s proven sour gas reserves.

In Central Asia the startup of the sulphur recovery section of the Kashagan processing plant is imminent and sour gas injection plans for Tengiz to enhance oil production by 42%, is expected to take place by 2022. Additionally sour gas reinjec- tion will be the predominant factor at the Karachaganak project , also by 2022. Moreover the Galkynysh plant in Turkmenistan is expected to produce 3 billion scf/d when at full capacity. Additionally the developments at the Kandym gas processing complex in Uzbekistan will be enhanced by the recent agreement between ADNOC and Uzbekneftegaz in providing strategic advice in oil and gas operations. Also the Kharyaga Phase III Project has taken receipt of a fully modu- larized gas treatment package including gas treatment and SRU’s and is on example of several ongoing projects in Russia .

PETRONAS continue its programme of monetizing and processing acid gas felds in Malaysia. China is also develop- ing sour gas processing plant with the latest being in Chuan- dongbei and processing from several sour felds with the fnal phase of the project expected next year.

In Canada, Keyera Corporation is to build a $625 million sour gas processing plant near Grande Prairie as well as SemCAMS building the Wapiti 200 mmcfd processing plant also in Alberta which is now on-stream. The technologies involved in sour feld development and production are and will continue to progress and the latest developments across the whole sour hydrocarbon manage-ment spectrum will be included in the well respected SOGAT Conference Programme. This programme will focus on invited presenta- tions primarily from operator case studies, thus providing delegates with invaluable knowledge and data to employ in their own environments.

In keeping with previous years, In Depth and Practical Work- shops on topical issues that contribute to enhancing effcient operations will be presented in the frst part of SOGAT 2019 and will cover: Practical Amine Treating, Sulphur Recovery Practices, Process Modeling, AGI and Contamination Management.

The SOGAT Exhibition will see leading and new vendors and suppliers present making SOGAT 2019 the international event that provides a one stop review of all the latest developments in global sour hydrocarbon management at a time when sour feld development plans abound.

© Sour Oil and Gas Advanced Technology 2018